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Glaucosoma hebraicum  Richardson, 1845

Westralian jewfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Glaucosoma hebraicum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Glaucosoma hebraicum (Westralian jewfish)
Glaucosoma hebraicum
Picture by Shao, K.T.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Glaucosomatidae (Pearl perches)
Etymology: Glaucosoma: Greek, glaukos = white, shining + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Richardson.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range ? - 200 m (Ref. 27560).   Subtropical; 16°S - 36°S

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 30.1, range 59 - ? cm
Max length : 122 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27296); common length : 80.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27621); max. published weight: 26.0 kg (Ref. 27621)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 9. One dark vertical band through eye which may disappear with an increase in size; 11 dorsal fin rays and 9 anal fin rays. Supraclavicle not developed into a bony shield. Peritoneum and gill rakers pale; lateral line with 44 to 48 pored scales; juveniles with wide dark horizontal bands wider than interspaces.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to Australian waters. Distributed from the Recherche Archipelago off Esperance, to Beagle Island, although they are rare north of Shark Bay. Records from Japan (Ref. 559, 12517) and Taiwan (Ref. 5193) are Glaucosoma buergeri (Ref. 27621).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Westralian jewfish live in shallow inshore waters and depths to over 200 m (Ref. 27560). They are present over hard, flat sea beds (e.g. limestone shelf) and in reefs, wrecks and underwater caverns and gutters. Adult fish move into shallower waters in the cooler months between April and June (Ref. 27560, 27561). Juveniles tend to remain in shallower water than adults and are rarely found in waters more than 100 m deep (Ref. 27560). Adults feed mainly on fish, also rock lobsters, crabs, squid, octopus and cuttlefish. Marketed as fresh fish (Ref. 10384).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Female Westralian jewfish are broadcast spawners, releasing floating eggs into the water column; these are pelagic and can be carried large distances on ocean surface currents (Ref. 6390). Larvae feed on plankton (Ref. 6390).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

McKay, R.J., 1997. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 17. Pearl perches of the world (family Glaucosomatidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the pearl peches known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(17):26p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 27621)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00608 - 0.03598), b=2.98 (2.77 - 3.19), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.62 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3-4; Fec=300,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (65 of 100) .
unknown
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.