Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Geophagus: Greek, gea = the earth + Greek, phagein = to eat (Ref. 45335). More on author: Eigenmann, Hildebrand.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.0; dH range: 5 - 15. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 1672), preferred ?
South America: Magdalena, Cauca and Sinú River basins in Colombia; Limón River (Lake Maracaibo drainage) in Venezuela.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377)
Similar to Aequidens except for the presence of a lobule on the first branchial arch and the protuberance on the head of male specimens.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Very little is known of the breeding habits of this peaceful species (Ref. 12251).
Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.00692 - 0.04169), b=3.02 (2.81 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .