Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Fossorochromis: Latin, fossor, fossoris = digger, adpated for digging + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.2 - 8.8; dH range: 10 - 18; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 12 m (Ref. 55954). Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 2059); 9°S - 15°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5635)
Africa: endemic to Lake Malawi; widespread.
Occurs frequently over sand in shallow areas off sandy beaches and feeds on invertebrates like insect larvae and small crustaceans (Ref. 5595).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Female mouth brooder, gestation period: three weeks, about 50-100 young, (Ref. 2059).
Maréchal, C., 1991. Fossorochromis. p. 90. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5635)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00703 - 0.03260), b=2.97 (2.79 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.46 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .