Family Xiphiidae - Swordfish
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 1 | Species : 1 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
lower   Tertiary     Paleocene
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: tropical and subtropical waters. Premaxilla and nasal bones extremely elongated, forming a pointed, depressed, sharp-edged sword. Gill membranes not united to isthmus. Adults scaleless. No pelvic fins and girdle. Adults lacking jaw teeth. One median keel on each side of the caudal peduncle in adults. Vertebrae 26. Maximum length 4.5 m. The morphological adaptations required for maintaining high brain and retinal temperatures are discussed in Brock et al. 1993 Science 260:210-214. Of high commercial value.
  Etymology
:
Greek, xiphos = sword. 1667 ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
very active
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Carangimorpharia | Istiophoriformes | Xiphiidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Xiphiidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 19-05-2014 (Ref. 95876).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Xiphasia gladius (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Xyphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Xiphias imperator Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal1
Tetrapterus imperator (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymjuniornew
Xiphias rondeletti Leach, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal1
Xiphias estara Phillipps, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal2
Xiphias gladius estara Phillipps, 1932
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Xiphias thermaicus Serbetis, 1951
synonymjuniororiginal1
php script by celloran, 04/03/10, last modified by cmilitante, 29/11/12