Family Myliobatidae - Eagle and manta rays
  Order
:
  Class
:
Elasmobranchii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 7 | Species : 40 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Cretaceous    
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Head elevated above disc; jaws powerful with large platelike crushing teeth in several rows in eagle rays; eye and spiracles lateral on head; gill openings about length of eye to much longer; tail much longer than disc; venemous spine(s) present in some; small dorsal fin; pectoral fins reduced or absent opposite the eyes, but with an anterior subdivision that unites below the tip of the snout forming a subrostral lobe in manta rays. Some known for their leaping ability high into the air. Viviparous with 2-6 fully developed young. Plankton-filtering manta rays are among the largest fishes, but harmless.
  Etymology
:
Greek, myleys, -eos = mill, millstone + Greek, batis, -idos = ray (the fish) ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Myliobatidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 15-11-2013 (Ref. 94485).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Myliobatinae
Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Raja aquila Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal2
Leiobatus aquila (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Myliobatis equila (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Myliobatus aquila (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Myliobatis noctula Bonaparte, 1833
synonymjuniororiginal1
Raia rhombus Larrañaga, 1923
synonymjuniororiginal2
Myliobatis cervus Smith, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
Myliobatis tobijei Bleeker, 1854
acceptedseniororiginal1
Mobula tobijei (Bleeker, 1854)
synonymseniornew
! Myliobatis tobije Bleeker, 1854
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal1
ambiguoushomonymoriginal1
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniororiginal
Myliobatis australis Macleay, 1881
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myliobatis goodei Garman, 1885
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myliobatis chilensis Philippi, 1892
acceptedseniororiginal1
Myliobatis hamlyni Ogilby, 1911
acceptedseniororiginal1
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Myliobatis peruanus Garman, 1913
synonymseniororiginal
Myliobatis longirostris Applegate & Fitch, 1964
acceptedseniororiginal1
Aetobatus narinari (Euphrasen, 1790)
acceptedseniornew
Raja narinari Euphrasen, 1790
synonymseniororiginal1
Stoasodon narinari (Euphrasen, 1790)
synonymseniornew
! Aetobates narinari (Euphrasen, 1790)
synonymseniornew
! Aetobatis narinari (Euphrasen, 1790)
synonymseniornew
Aetobatis latirostris Duméril, 1861
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
! Aetobatis laticeps Duméril, 1865
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Aetobatus laticeps Duméril, 1865
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Aetomylus maculatus (non Gray, 1834)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Myliobatus maculatus (non Gray, 1834)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Aetobatus flagellum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Raja flagellum Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal1
! Aetobates flagellum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Aetobatus ocellatus (Kuhl, 1823)
acceptedseniornew
Eel tenkee Not applicable
synonymotherother
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Stoasodon ocellatus (Kuhl, 1823)
synonymseniornew
! Aetobatus ocellata (Kuhl, 1823)
synonymseniornew
Raja tajara Forsskål, 1775
synonymjuniororiginal1
Raja tajara hörraeka Forsskål, 1775
synonymotherother
Raja mula Forsskål, 1775
synonymjuniororiginal1
Raja guttata Shaw, 1804
ambiguoushomonymoriginal1
Aetobatus guttatus (Shaw, 1804)
ambiguoushomonymnew
! Raia quinqueaculeata Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
synonymjuniororiginal1
Raja quinqueaculeata Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
synonymjuniororiginal
Myliobatis eeltenkee Rüppell, 1837
synonymjuniororiginal1
Myliobatis macroptera McClelland, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal1
Raja edentula Forster, 1844
synonymjuniororiginal1
Goniobatis meleagris Agassiz, 1858
synonymjuniororiginal1
Myliobatis punctatus Miklukho-Maclay & Macleay, 1886
synonymjuniororiginal1
Aetobatus punctatus (Miklukho-Maclay & Macleay, 1886)
synonymjuniornew
Pteromylaeus punctatus (Miklukho-Maclay & Macleay, 1886)
synonymjuniornew
! Aetobatis punctatus (Miklukho-Maclay & Macleay, 1886)
synonymjuniornew
! Miliobatis punctatus Miklukho-Maclay & Macleay, 1886
synonymjuniororiginal
Aetobatus narinari (non Euphrasen, 1790)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Myliobatis narinari (non Euphrasen, 1790)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Raja narinari (non Euphrasen, 1790)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Stoasodon narinari (non Euphrasen, 1790)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
! Aetobatis narinari (non Euphrasen, 1790)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Aetobatus flagellum (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Aetobatus guttatus (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Raja guttata (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
! Aetobatis guttata (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Raja ocellata (non Mitchill, 1815)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Aetobatis indica (non Swainson, 1839)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Aetobatus narutobiei White, Furumitsu & Yamaguchi, 2013
acceptedseniororiginal2
Aetobatus flagellum (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliednew
! Aetobates flagellum (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliednew
! Aetobatis flagellum (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliednew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymseniororiginal
! Aetomylus maculatus (Gray, 1834)
synonymseniornew
Myliobatis cyclura van Hasselt, 1823
synonymotheroriginal2
! Myliobatus cyclurus van Hasselt, 1823
synonymotheroriginal
Aetomylaeus nichofii (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Raja niehofii Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal1
Aetomylaeus niehofii (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
! Aetomylaeus nichofi (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
! Aetomyleus nichofii (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
! Myliobatis nieuhofii (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
! Aetomylus huletti Smith, 1953
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Aetomylaeus milvus (Müller & Henle, 1841)
acceptedseniornew
Myliobatis milvus Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal1
! Aetomyleus milvus (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymseniornew
! Aetomylus milvus (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymseniornew
Myliobatis vultur Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal2
Myliobates oculeus Richardson, 1846
synonymjuniororiginal1
Aetomylaeus vespertilio (Bleeker, 1852)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
! Aetomylus vespertilio (Bleeker, 1852)
synonymseniornew
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
ambiguousquestionablenew
Myliobatis milvus (non Müller & Henle, 1841)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Pteromylaeus asperrimus (Gilbert, 1898)
acceptedseniornew
Myliobatis asperrimus Gilbert, 1898
synonymseniororiginal1
Pteromylaeus bovinus (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
acceptedseniornew
Myliobatis bovina Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817
synonymseniororiginal1
Myliobates episcopus Valenciennes, 1844
synonymjuniororiginal1
Myliobatis bonaparti Duméril, 1865
synonymjuniororiginal1
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
! Aetomylus huletti Smith, 1953
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Mobulinae
Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)
acceptedseniornew
Raia mobular Bonnaterre, 1788
synonymseniororiginal1
Manta mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)
synonymseniornew
! Mobular mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)
synonymseniornew
Squalus edentulus Brünnich, 1768
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Aodon cornu Lacepède, 1798
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Raia fabroniana Lacepède, 1800
synonymjuniororiginal1
Raja cephaloptera Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal1
Raja giorna Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal1
Cephaloptera giorna (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymjuniornew
Cephalopterus giornae (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymjuniornew
Dicerobatis giornae (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymjuniornew
Raja diabolus Shaw, 1804
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Mobula diabolus (Shaw, 1804)
ambiguousquestionablenew
Mobula auriculata Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal1
Apterurus fabroni Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Cephaloptera tatraniana van Hasselt, 1823
synonymjuniororiginal1
Cephalopterus edentula Griffini, 1903
synonymjuniororiginal1
Mobula hypostoma (Bancroft, 1831)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Cephaloptera olfersii Müller, 1834
synonymjuniororiginal1
Mobula olfersii (Müller, 1834)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Ceratobatis robertsii Boulenger, 1897
synonymjuniororiginal1
! Ceratobatis robertsi Boulenger, 1897
synonymjuniororiginal
! Mobula robertsi (Boulenger, 1897)
synonymjuniornew
Mobula japanica (Müller & Henle, 1841)
acceptedseniornew
Cephaloptera japanica Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal1
! Mobula japonica (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymseniornew
Mobula rancureli Cadenat, 1959
synonymjuniororiginal2
Mobula kuhlii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
acceptedseniornew
Cephaloptera kuhlii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal1
Dicerobatis draco Günther, 1872
synonymjuniororiginal1
Mobula diabolus (non Shaw, 1804)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Mobula eregoodootenkee (Bleeker, 1859)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Mobula eregoodoo (Cantor, 1849)
synonymjuniornew
Mobula diabola (non Shaw, 1804)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Mobula diabolus (non Shaw, 1804)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Mobula rochebrunei (Vaillant, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Mobula tarapacana (Philippi, 1892)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
! Mobula tarapanaca (Philippi, 1892)
synonymseniornew
Mobula coilloti Cadenat & Rancurel, 1960
synonymjuniororiginal1
Mobula formosana Teng, 1962
synonymjuniororiginal1
Mobula thurstoni (Lloyd, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal1
Mobula lucasana Beebe & Tee-Van, 1938
synonymjuniororiginal1
Mobula munkiana Notarbartolo-di-Sciara, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal1
Manta birostris (Walbaum, 1792)
acceptedseniornew
synonymotherother
Raja birostris Walbaum, 1792
synonymseniororiginal1
Raja manatia Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal1
Cephalopterus vampyrus Mitchill, 1824
synonymjuniororiginal1
Cephalopterus manta Bancroft, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal1
Manta americana Bancroft, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal1
Ceratoptera ehrenbergii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal1
Manta ehrenbergii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymjuniornew
! Ceratoptera ehrenbergi Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal
Ceratoptera johnii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal1
Brachioptilon hamiltoni Hamilton & Newman, 1849
synonymjuniororiginal1
Manta hamiltoni (Hamilton & Newman, 1849)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal1
Manta raya Baer, 1899
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Ceratoptera alfredi (non Krefft, 1868)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Manta alfredi (non Krefft, 1868)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Manta alfredi (Krefft, 1868)
acceptedseniornew
! Deratoptera alfredi Krefft, 1868
synonymseniororiginal1
Ceratoptera alfredi Krefft, 1868
synonymseniororiginal
Manta fowleri Whitley, 1936
synonymjuniororiginal1
Manta pakota Whitley, 1936
synonymjuniororiginal
Rhinopterinae
Rhinoptera marginata (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
acceptedseniornew
Myliobatis marginata Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinoptera peli Bleeker, 1863
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
Rhinoptera bonasus (Mitchill, 1815)
acceptedseniornew
Raja bonasus Mitchill, 1815
synonymseniororiginal1
Rhinoptera lalandii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhinoptera affinis Bleeker, 1863
synonymjuniororiginal1
Rhinoptera javanica (non Müller & Henle, 1841)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhinoptera adspersa Müller & Henle, 1841
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhinoptera javanica Müller & Henle, 1841
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Rhinopthera javanica Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
Rhinoptera steindachneri Evermann & Jenkins, 1891
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhinoptera jayakari Boulenger, 1895
acceptedseniororiginal1
Rhinoptera neglecta Ogilby, 1912
acceptedseniororiginal1
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