Family Polynemidae - Threadfins
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 8 | Species : 43 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Chiefly marine and brackish. Some riverine. Distribution: all tropical and subtropical seas. Mouth inferior. Pectoral fin with 2 sections. Upper section of pectoral fin with the rays attached; the lower section having 3-7 (except in Polistonemus with 14 or 15) long free rays. Spinous and soft dorsal fins far apart. Pelvics subabdominal. One spine in pelvic fin; soft rays 5. Deeply forked caudal fin. Vertebrae 24 or 25. Reaches 1.8 m maximum length, reported for Eleutheronema tetradactylum. Feed on benthic invertebrates of sandy to muddy bottoms. Few species near reefs. Foodfishes. Assumed to be pelagic spawners (RF).
  Etymology
:
Greek, polys = a lot of + Greek, nema, -atos = filament ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
active
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Carangimorpharia | Incertae | sedis | in | Carangimorpharia | Polynemidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Polynemidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Polynemus paradiseus Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal2
Polynemus risua Hamilton, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polynemus aureus Hamilton, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polynemus toposui Hamilton, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polynemus hilleri (non Fowler, 1905)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniorchange in rank
Polynemus melanochir Valenciennes, 1831
acceptedseniororiginal5
Filimanus melanochir (Valenciennes, 1831)
synonymseniornew
Polynemus macronema Bleeker, 1852
ambiguousotheroriginal5
Polynemus borneensis Bleeker, 1856
synonymjuniororiginal5
! Polynemus borneënsis Bleeker, 1856
synonymjuniororiginal
Galeoides microps Steindachner, 1869
synonymjuniororiginal5
Polynemus melanopus Sauvage, 1881
synonymjuniororiginal5
Trichidion hilleri Fowler, 1905
synonymjuniororiginal5
Polynemus hilleri (Fowler, 1905)
synonymjuniornew
Polynemus paradiseus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Polynemus multifilis Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
acceptedseniororiginal2
Polistonemus multifilis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
! Polystonemus multifilis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
ambiguoushomonymoriginal2
Polynemus dubius Bleeker, 1853
acceptedseniororiginal2
Polynemus longipectoralis Weber & de Beaufort, 1922
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polynemus paradiseus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Polynemus longifilis (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal2
Polynemus paradiseus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Polynemus melanochir dulcis Motomura & Sabaj Pérez, 2002
acceptedseniororiginal5
Polynemus aquilonaris Motomura, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal2
Polynemus kapuasensis Motomura & van Oijen, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal2
Polynemus bidentatus Motomura & Tsukawaki, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal2
Polydactylus virginicus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus virginicus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal2
! Polydactilus virginicus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Polynemus naso Walbaum, 1793
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polydactylus plumierii Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polynemus mango Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polynemus antillarum Perugia, 1896
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polydactylus plebeius (Broussonet, 1782)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus plebeius Broussonet, 1782
synonymseniororiginal2
Trichidion plebejum (Broussonet, 1782)
synonymseniornew
! Polyactylus plebeius (Broussonet, 1782)
synonymseniornew
! Polydactylus plebejus (Broussonet, 1782)
synonymseniornew
! Polydactylus plebius (Broussonet, 1782)
synonymseniornew
! Polynemus plebejus Broussonet, 1782
synonymseniororiginal
! Polynemus plebius Broussonet, 1782
synonymseniororiginal
! Trichidion plebejus (Broussonet, 1782)
synonymseniornew
Polynemus lineatus Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polynemus emoi Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polynemus taeniatus Günther, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polynemus lineatus Günther, 1860
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Polydactylus agonasi Jordan & McGregor, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polynemus agonasi (Jordan & McGregor, 1906)
synonymjuniornew
Polynemus lydiae Curtiss, 1938
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polydactylus microstoma (non Bleeker, 1851)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Polydactylus sextarius (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus sextarius Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal2
Trichidion sextarius (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Filimanus heptadactyla (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Polydactylus sexfilis (non Valenciennes, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
Trichidion quadrifilis (Cuiver, 1829)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Polydactylus sexfilis (Valenciennes, 1831)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus sexfilis Valenciennes, 1831
synonymseniororiginal2
! Polyactylus sexfilis (Valenciennes, 1831)
synonymseniornew
! Polynemus sexfills Valenciennes, 1831
synonymseniororiginal
! Polynemus sexifilis Valenciennes, 1831
synonymseniororiginal
Polynemus kuru Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polydactylus kuru (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymjuniornew
! Polynemus kurru Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal
Filimanus xanthonema (non Valenciennes, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Polydactylus approximans (Lay & Bennett, 1839)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus approximans Lay & Bennett, 1839
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polydactylus microstomus (Bleeker, 1851)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus microstoma Bleeker, 1851
synonymseniororiginal1
Polydactylus microstoma (Bleeker, 1851)
synonymseniornew
! Polyactylus microstomus (Bleeker, 1851)
synonymseniornew
! Polynemus microstomus (Bleeker, 1851)
synonymseniornew
Polydactylus zophomus Jordan & McGregor, 1907
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polydactylus plebeius (non Broussonet, 1782)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Polydactylus sextarius (non Bloch, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Polynemus borneensis (non Bleeker, 1860)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Polydactylus octonemus (Girard, 1858)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus octonemus Girard, 1858
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polynemus heptadactylus (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Polydactylus oligodon (Günther, 1860)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus oligodon Günther, 1860
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
Polynemus melanopoma Günther, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polydactylus macrochir (Günther, 1867)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus macrochir Günther, 1867
synonymseniororiginal2
Polynemus sheridani Macleay, 1884
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polydactylus sheridani (Macleay, 1884)
synonymjuniornew
Polydactylus indicus (non Shaw, 1804)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
acceptedseniororiginal2
Polydactylus bifurcus Motomura, Kimura & Iwatsuki, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal2
Polydactylus longipes Motomura, Okamoto & Iwatsuki, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal2
Polydactylus malagasyensis Motomura & Iwatsuki, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal2
Polydactylus persicus Motomura & Iwatsuki, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal2
Polydactylus siamensis Motomura, Iwatsuki & Yoshino, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal2
Polydactylus luparensis Lim, Motomura & Gambang, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polynemus astrolabi Sauvage, 1881
synonymjuniororiginal2
Pentanemus quinquarius (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus quinquarius Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal2
! Polynemus quinquarios Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Polynemus artedii Bennett, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polynemus peli Njock, 1990
ambiguousquestionableoriginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Polynemus teria Hamilton, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polynemus coecus Macleay, 1878
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus tridactylus Bleeker, 1849
synonymseniororiginal2
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Eleutheronema rhadinum (Jordan & Evermann, 1902)
acceptedseniornew
Polydactylus rhadinus Jordan & Evermann, 1902
synonymseniororiginal2
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Filimanus perplexa Feltes, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal2
Polynemus melanochir (non Valenciennes, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Filimanus heptadactyla (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Polydactylus sextriatus (non Bloch, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Polydactylus multiradiatus (non Günther, 1860)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Filimanus similis (non Feltes, 1991)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Filimanus hexanema (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus hexanemus Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal2
! Polynemus hexanema Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal
Polynemus senarius Gronow, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal2
Filimanus xanthonema (Valenciennes, 1831)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus xanthonemus Valenciennes, 1831
synonymseniororiginal2
Polydactylus xanthonemus (Valenciennes, 1831)
synonymseniornew
! Polynemus xanthonema Valenciennes, 1831
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polynemus pfeifferi Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polydactylus konadaensis Mishra & Krishnan, 1993
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polydactylus sextarius (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Polydactylus sexfilis (non Valenciennes, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Polydactylus multiradiatus (non Günther, 1860)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Filimanus similis (non Feltes, 1991)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Filimanus sealei (Jordan & Richardson, 1910)
acceptedseniornew
Polydactylus sealei Jordan & Richardson, 1910
synonymseniororiginal2
Polydactylus opercularis Seale & Bean, 1907
ambiguousotheroriginal2
Filimanus heptadactyla (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Polydactylus multiradiatus (non Günther, 1860)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Filimanus similis Feltes, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal2
Parapolynemus verekeri (Saville-Kent, 1889)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus verekeri Saville-Kent, 1889
synonymseniororiginal2
Polynemus intermedius Nichols, 1954
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Trichidion indicum (Shaw, 1804)
synonymseniornew
Trichidion indicus (Shaw, 1804)
synonymseniornew
! Polyactylus indicus (Shaw, 1804)
synonymseniornew
Polynemus sele Hamilton, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polynemus uronemus Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polynemus gelatinosus McClelland, 1843
synonymjuniororiginal2
Polydactylus microstoma (non Bleeker, 1851)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Polydactylus macrochir (non Günther, 1867)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
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