Family Lamnidae - Mackerel sharks or white shark
  Order
:
  Class
:
Elasmobranchii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 3 | Species : 5 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
upper   Cretaceous    
Ref..   Berg, L.S. 1958
  Remark
:
Distribution: global. Large sharks with pointed snouts and spindle-shaped bodies. Large gill openings. First dorsal fin large, high, erect and angular or somewhat rounded. Second dorsal and anal fins minute. Caudal peduncle with a distinct keel; large teeth; fifth gill opening in front of pectoral fin; spiracle sometimes absent. Maximum length up to 6.4 m or more. Fast swimming predators. Some are maneaters. Ovoviviparous, embryos feeding on yolk sac and other ova produced by the mother (Ref. 50449).
  Etymology
:
Greek, lamna, -es = shark ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
bearers
  Typical activity level
:
active
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Lamnidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 15-11-2013 (Ref. 94485).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
acceptedseniornew
Squalus nasus Bonnaterre, 1788
synonymseniororiginal1
! Lanna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
synonymseniornew
Squalus cornubicus Gmelin, 1789
synonymjuniororiginal1
Lamna cornubica (Gmelin, 1789)
synonymjuniornew
Squalus pennanti Walbaum, 1792
synonymjuniororiginal1
Lamna pennanti (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymjuniornew
Squalus monensis Shaw, 1804
synonymjuniororiginal1
Squalus cornubiensis Pennant, 1812
synonymjuniororiginal1
Squalus selanonus Leach, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal1
Selanonius walkeri Fleming, 1828
synonymjuniororiginal1
Lamna punctata Storer, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal1
Oxyrhina daekayi Gill, 1861
synonymjuniororiginal1
Lamna philippii Pérez Canto, 1886
synonymjuniororiginal1
Lamna whitleyi Phillipps, 1935
synonymjuniororiginal1
Squalus glaucus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Lamna ditropis Hubbs & Follett, 1947
acceptedseniororiginal1
Isurus nasus (non Bonnaterre, 1788)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Lamna cornubica (non Gmelin, 1789)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810
acceptedseniororiginal1
! Isurus oxyrhinchus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymseniororiginal
! Isurus oxyrhincus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymseniororiginal
! Isurus oxyrhynchus Rafinesque, 1810
synonymseniororiginal
Isurus spallanzani Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal1
Squalus cepedii Lesson, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal1
Isurus cepedii (Lesson, 1831)
synonymjuniornew
Lamna oxyrhina Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1835
synonymjuniororiginal1
Oxyrhina gomphodon Müller & Henle, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal1
Oxyrhina glauca Müller & Henle, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal1
Isuropsis glaucus (Müller & Henle, 1839)
synonymjuniornew
Isurus glaucus (Müller & Henle, 1839)
ambiguoushomonymnew
Lamna glauca (Müller & Henle, 1839)
synonymjuniornew
Lamna latro Owen, 1853
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Isuropsis dekayi Gill, 1862
synonymjuniororiginal1
Carcharias tigris Atwood, 1869
synonymjuniororiginal1
Isurus tigris (Atwood, 1869)
synonymjuniornew
Lamna guentheri Murray, 1884
synonymjuniororiginal1
Isurus guentheri (Murray, 1884)
synonymjuniornew
Lamna huidobrii Philippi, 1887
synonymjuniororiginal1
Isurus mako Whitley, 1929
synonymjuniororiginal1
Isuropsis mako (Whitley, 1929)
synonymjuniornew
Isurus bideni Phillipps, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Isurus africanus Smith, 1957
synonymjuniorchange in rank
Lamna punctata (non Storer, 1839)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Isurus paucus (non Guitart Manday, 1966)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Isurus paucus Guitart, 1966
acceptedseniororiginal1
Lamiostoma belyaevi Glückman, 1964
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Isurus alatus Garrick, 1967
synonymjuniororiginal1
Isurus oxyrinchus (non Rafinesque, 1810)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Squalus lamia Blainville, 1816
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Squalus lamia Blainville, 1825
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Squalus carcharias Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal1
Squalus caninus Osbeck, 1765
synonymjuniororiginal2
Carcharias lamia Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal1
Carcharias verus Cloquet, 1817
synonymjuniororiginal1
Squalus vulgaris Richardson, 1836
synonymjuniororiginal1
Carcharias vulgaris (Richardson, 1836)
synonymjuniornew
Carcharodon smithii Agassiz, 1838
synonymjuniororiginal1
Carcharodon smithi Bonaparte, 1838
synonymjuniororiginal1
Carcharodon rondeletii Müller & Henle, 1839
synonymjuniororiginal1
synonymjuniororiginal1
Carcharias atwoodi Storer, 1848
synonymjuniororiginal1
Carcharias vorax Owen, 1853
ambiguousquestionableoriginal1
Carcharias maso Morris, 1898
synonymjuniororiginal1
Carcharodon albimors Whitley, 1939
synonymjuniororiginal1
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