Family Diodontidae - Porcupinefishes (burrfishes)
  Order
:
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 7 | Species : 18 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
some
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Well-developed sharp spines covering body. Body inflatable, and in some species the spines erect only when the body is inflated. Jaws with 2 fused teeth (parrotlike). Opposite premaxillaries and dentaries entirely united at midline. Adults found inshore; the young pelagic. Feed primarily on hard-shelled invertebrates crushed by the beak. Eggs are pelagic.
  Etymology
:
Greek, di = two + Greek, odous = tooth, teeth. 1776
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Euacanthomorphacea | Percomorphaceae | Percomorpharia | Tetraodontiformes | Tetraodontoidei | Diodontidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Diodontidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

In the column CofF, the digit indicates the status of synchronization with CofF: 0: Not checked; 1: Same status;   2: Different status;   3: Other combination;   4: Synonym in CofF;   5: Species/Subspecies issue;   6: Synonym of another species in CofF;   7: Not in CofF;   8: Should not be in CofF. The CofF version currently used is the one published on 23-07-2014 (Ref. 97102).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination CofF
Diodon hystrix Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal2
Diodon hystrix hystrix Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniorchange in rank
Paradiodon hystrix (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
! Diodon histrix Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
! Diodon hystrax Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
! Diodon hystris Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Diodon brachiatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Diodon punctatus Cuvier, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Diodon nudifrons Jenkins, 1903
synonymjuniororiginal2
Diodon armillatus Whitley, 1933
synonymjuniororiginal2
Diodon totara Curtiss, 1938
synonymjuniororiginal2
Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymseniorchange in rank
! Diodon holacanthus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Diodon pilosus Mitchill, 1815
synonymjuniororiginal2
Trichodiodon pilosus (Mitchill, 1815)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Diodon novemaculatus Cuvier, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniornew
Diodon sexmaculatus Cuvier, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal2
Diodon maculifer Kaup, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal2
Atopomycterus bocagei Steindachner, 1866
synonymjuniororiginal2
Diodon paraholocanthus Kotthaus, 1979
synonymjuniororiginal2
Diodon hystrix (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Diodon liturosus (non Shaw, 1804)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Diodon liturosus Shaw, 1804
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Diodon literosus Shaw, 1804
synonymseniororiginal
! Diodon lituratus Shaw, 1804
synonymseniororiginal
Diodon maculatus Duméril, 1855
synonymjuniororiginal2
Diodon bleekeri Günther, 1910
synonymjuniororiginal2
Diodon holocanthus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Diodon nicthemerus Cuvier, 1818
acceptedseniororiginal2
! Diodon nycthemerus Cuvier, 1818
synonymseniororiginal
Diodon eydouxii Brisout de Barneville, 1846
acceptedseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Diodon bertolettii de Lema, de Lucena, Saenger & De Oliveira, 1979
synonymjuniororiginal2
Diodon spinosissimus (non Cuvier, 1818)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Chilomycterus reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Diodon reticulatus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal2
! Chilomycteris reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Diodon atringa Linnaeus, 1758
synonymjuniororiginal1
Chilomycterus atringa (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymjuniornew
! Chilomycterus atinga (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymjuniornew
Diodon tigrinus Cuvier, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chilomycterus affinis Günther, 1870
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
Diodon spinosus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal5
Chilomycterus spinosus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Cyclichthys spinosus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Chilomycterus schoepfii (Walbaum, 1792)
acceptedseniornew
Diodon schoepfii Walbaum, 1792
synonymseniororiginal2
Chilomycterus schoepfi (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymseniornew
Cyclichthys schoepfi (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymseniornew
! Chilomycterus schoepgi (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymseniornew
Diodon rivulatus Cuvier, 1818
synonymjuniororiginal2
acceptedseniornew
Diodon antennatus Cuvier, 1816
synonymseniororiginal2
Cyclichthys antennatus (Cuvier, 1816)
synonymseniornew
Chilomycterus antillarum Jordan & Rutter, 1897
acceptedseniororiginal2
Cyclichthys antillarum (Jordan & Rutter, 1897)
synonymseniornew
Diodon geometricus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal2
Chilomycterus geometricus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymjuniornew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal5
Chilomycterus orbicularis (non Bloch, 1785)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Chilomycterus antennatus (non Cuvier, 1818)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Diodon orbicularis Bloch, 1785
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
Diodon caeruleus Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
synonymjuniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
Cyclichthys hardenbergi (de Beaufort, 1939)
acceptedseniornew
Chilomycterus hardenbergi de Beaufort, 1939
synonymseniororiginal2
Cyclichthys spilostylus (Leis & Randall, 1982)
acceptedseniornew
Chilomycterus spilostylus Leis & Randall, 1982
synonymseniororiginal2
! Cyclicthys spilostylos (Leis & Randall, 1982)
synonymseniornew
Cyclichthys echinatus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniororiginal2
Allomycterus pilatus Whitley, 1931
acceptedseniororiginal2
Allomycterus whitleyi Phillipps, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal2
! Allomycterus whiteleyi Phillipps, 1932
synonymjuniororiginal
Allomycterus jaculiferus (non Cuvier, 1818)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Tragulichthys jaculiferus (non Cuvier, 1818)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
acceptedseniornew
Diodon jaculiferus Cuvier, 1818
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Lophodiodon calori (Bianconi, 1854)
acceptedseniornew
Diodon calori Bianconi, 1854
synonymseniororiginal2
synonymjuniororiginal2
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