Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 10 - 100 m (Ref. 12260). Tropical; 30°N - 30°S
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 9.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2045); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450); max. reported age: 2 years (Ref. 4544)
soft rays: 14;
Vertebrae: 24. This species of the Leiognathus splendens complex is distinguished by the following characters: no scales on cheek; anterior dorsolateral body surface almost completely scaled without a semicircular naked area on nape; lower margin of inner preopercular ridge is smooth or weakly serrated (including the neotype); interspace of pelvic keels without scales; second spines of dorsal and anal fins are robust (width of second spines of dorsal and anal fins 0.87-1.6% of SL and 0.76-1.7% of SL, respectively); a jet black blotch on spinous dorsal fin (Ref. 75583).
Indo-West Pacific: from India to Papua New Guinea; north to Japan; south to Australia,
This schooling species inhabits coastal waters. It feeds on fish, crustaceans, foraminiferans, and bivalves (Ref. 5213). The annotated bibliography of Leiognathidae by Pauly and Wade-Pauly (Ref. 4961) includes 172 references pertaining explicitly to Leiognathus splendens.
Kimura, S., T. Ito, T. Peristiwady, Y. Iwatsuki, T. Yoshino and P.N. Dunlap, 2005. The Leiognathus splendens complex (Perciformes: Leignothidae) with the description of a new species, Leiognathus kupanensis kimura and Peristiwady. Ichthyol. Res. 52 (3):275-291.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01919 (-0.03616 - 0.07454), b=2.98645 (2.95157 - 3.02134), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.38 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.33-1.60; tm=1; tmax=2.3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .