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Etrumeus whiteheadi  Wongratana, 1983

Whitehead's round herring
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Etrumeus whiteheadi   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Etrumeus whiteheadi (Whitehead
Etrumeus whiteheadi
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Dussumieriidae ()

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 5286).   Subtropical; 17°S - 35°S, 12°E - 31°E

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91762)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18-20; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 12 - 13; Vertebrae: 50. Numerous branchiostegal rays (11 to 15); without pre-and post pelvic scutes; W-shaped pelvic scute; rectangular pre-maxillae; pelvic fins less advanced and the isthmus with lateral flanges or `shoulders' as compared to Dussumieria.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southeastern Atlantic to Western Indian Ocean: southern Africa (Walvis Bay to Durban) to southern Angola.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Mainly an inshore species. Often forms shoals together with pilchard (Ref. 27121). Feeds on larger types of zooplankton (Ref. 27121).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

DiBattista, J.D., J.E. Randall and B.W. Bowen, 2012. Review of the round herrings of the genus Etrumes (Clupeidae: Dussumieriinae) of Africa, with descriptions of two new species / Revue des shadines rondes africaines du genre Etrumeus (Clupeidae: Dussumieriinae) et description de deux nouvelles espèces. Cybium 36(3):447-460.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: highly commercial
FAO(fisheries: production, species profile; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5098   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=-2.34000 (nan - nan), b=3.11 (2.88 - 3.34), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.7).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.