Etheostoma stigmaeum  (Jordan, 1877)

Speckled darter
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Etheostoma stigmaeum
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335);  stigmaeum: stigmaeum meaning speckled (Ref. 10294).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate; 38°N - 31°N

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 4.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: in Mississippi River basin from western Virginia to southeastern Kansas, and south to Louisiana in the USA; Gulf Slope drainages from Mobile Bay and Pensacola Bay in Georgia, Alabama and Florida to Sabine River in Louisiana in the USA; and in Clinch and Powell rivers in Virginia and Tennessee, USA.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit clear sandy and rocky pools of creeks and small to medium, usually fast, rivers (Ref. 5723). Eggs are found buried in the substrate (Ref. 7043).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.