Etheostoma sagitta  (Jordan & Swain, 1883)

Arrow darter
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335);  sagitta: The specific epithet sagitta means arrow (Ref. 10294).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical; 38°N - 36°N

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Distinguished by having the following characters: body long and slender; snout long and pointed; caudal fin base with 2 black spots partially fused into short bar; straw colored to olive above, 6-9 brown saddles; 7-9 large green Us alternate with orange bars (faint on female) along side; yellow below. Breeding males with bright orange bars on side, red-orange edge on 1st dorsal fin, bands of red -orange spots on 2nd dorsal and caudal fins, blue-green anal and pelvic fins. Lateral line usually incomplete, with 55-69 lateral scales, usually 63 or more; and 49-66 pored lateral-line scales, usually more than 52 (Ref. 86798).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: upper Cumberland River drainage in Kentucky and Tennessee, USA.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits rocky riffles and pools of headwaters, creeks and small rivers (Ref. 5723, 10294). Feeds on mayfly nymphs (heptageniids, baetids), blackfly and midge larvae, and lesser numbers of caddisfly, stonefly, and beetle larvae (Ref. 10294).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.67-0.79).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.