Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Entelurus: Greek, enteles, -es, -es = whole, perfect + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; brackish; demersal, usually 5 - 100 m (Ref. 35388). Temperate; 64°N - 30°N, 32°W - 14°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6733); 60.0 cm TL (female); common length : 32.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4645); common length :45 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 0. Gill opening reduced to a pore located in the membrane above the opercle. Gill membranes fused to the body and isthmus. Superior trunk and tail ridges continuous, inferior trunk and tail ridges discontinuous, lateral trunk ridge confluent with inferior tail ridge. Brood area of male located under trunk. Rings: 28-31+60-69; Dorsal 37-47; Sub-dorsal 11-7+2-4; Caudal 4-9, rudimentary.
Eastern Atlantic: Iceland and Norway to Azores and also enters Baltic Sea.
Adults inhabit inshore waters, among algae. Females with 1,000 or more ovarian eggs (Ref. 6733). Feed on small crustaceans and fish fry (Ref. 35388). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
Males carry the eggs.
Dawson, C.E., 1986. Syngnathidae. p. 628-639. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 2. Unesco, Paris. (Ref. 6733)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.44 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .