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Enigmacanthus filamentosus  Hutchins, 2002

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Enigmacanthus filamentosus
Picture by Winterbottom, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Monacanthidae (Filefishes)
Etymology: Enigmacanthus: Latin, aenigma = to speak allusively or obscurely + Greek, akantha = thorn;  filamentosus: Named in reference to its filamentous second ray in the male's soft dorsal fin (Ref. 48594).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 36 - 67 m (Ref. 48594).   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48594); 2.7 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 27-28; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 26; Vertebrae: 19. Maximum known size small (3.6 cm SL); soft Doral rays 27-28; anal rays 26; pectoral rays 11/11; dorsal profile of snout straight in male, slightly concave in female, without prominent hump just before nostrils; soft dorsal and anal fins not elevated anteriorly, outer margins convex; soft dorsal fin of male with second ray elongate and filamentous; caudal fin moderately long (about equal to head length), posterior margin convex; pelvis capable of moving vertically through an arc of about 40 degrees, producing a moderately large ventral flap; lobe on rear of pelvis small, directed dorsoposteriorly; pelvic fin rudiment relatively short and small, posterior segment movably articulated with pelvis; midbody scales each with up to six minute spinules located on a transverse ridge, those on caudal peduncle of male slightly longer, recurved, forming a poorly defined patch of bristles (Ref. 48594).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles and the Marshall Islands. Probably more widespread in insular areas.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits sandy bottoms, possibly in areas with scattered coral clumps (Ref. 48594).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Hutchins, Barry | Collaborators

Hutchins, J.B., 2002. Description of a new genus and species of miniature monacanthid fish from the Seychelles and Marshall Islands. Rec. West. Aus. Mus. 21(2):213-219. (Ref. 48594)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02089 (0.00983 - 0.04439), b=2.92 (2.74 - 3.10), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.