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Emmelichthys nitidus nitidus  Richardson, 1845

Cape bonnetmouth
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Emmelichthys nitidus nitidus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Emmelichthys nitidus nitidus (Cape bonnetmouth)
Emmelichthys nitidus nitidus
Picture by Le Noury, P.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Emmelichthyidae (Rovers)
Etymology: Emmelichthys: Greek, emmelyes, -es, -es = harmonious + Greek, ichthys = fish + Greek,ops = appearance (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 86 - 500 m (Ref. 58489).   Deep-water; 16°N - 43°S

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36731)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 10. Reddish, darker (bluish grey) dorsally, silvery white below (Ref. 5325).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: off western Cape coast in south Africa, Australia, New Zealand, St. Paul and Amsterdam islands. Emmelichthys nitidus cyanescens is found in the eastern Pacific.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A schooling species (Ref. 9563). Reported from between depths of 86 m (Ref. 58489) and 500 m (Ref. 5325). Juveniles occur near the surface, often with schools of clupeids while adults are found near the bottom in deeper water (Ref. 3394). Feeds mainly on larger zooplankton (Ref. 3394). An excellent food fish; marketed fresh or frozen (Ref. 3394).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaborators

Heemstra, P.C., 1984. Emmelichthyidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3394)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5313   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax > 3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (56 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.