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Elassoma gilberti  Snelson, Krabbenhoft & Quattro, 2009

Pygmy sunfish
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Image of Elassoma gilberti (Pygmy sunfish)
Elassoma gilberti
Picture by Wieser, E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Elassomatidae (Pygmy sunfishes)
Etymology: Elassoma: Greek, elasson = smaller + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335);  gilberti: In honor of Dr. Carter R. Gilbert, Curator of Fishes at the Florida Museum of Natural History from 1961-1998 and now Curator Emeritus. This name will stand in recognition of the many contributions Dr. Gilbert has made to the study of North American fishes.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic.   Subtropical; 31°N - 30°N, 83°W - 84°W

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83676)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Elassoma gilberti is distinguished from its close relative E. okefenokee by possessing four pores in the preopercular (PO) canal on each side of the head and usually seven anal fin rays. Elassoma okefenokee has three PO pores and usually eight anal fin rays. Elassoma gilberti has slightly less deep body and slightly smaller dorsal and anal fins than E. okefenokee. Breeding females of E. gilberti often have blue dashes below and behind the eye, which are lacking in female E. okefenokee. Otherwise, the two species are almost identical or broadly overlapping in meristic, morphometric, and color features. The distinction of the two species is supported by molecular data. Eight fixed differences (of 553 bp assayed) at the mitochondrial 16S rRNA locus and 12 fixed differences (of 583 bp assayed) found at the nuclear S7 locus differentiated the two species. Phylogenetic analyses using these molecular characters supported monophyletic clades that contained haplotypes and alleles found uniquely in E. gilberti and E. okefenokee, respectively.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: USA, Florida (Ref. 83676).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Snelson Jr., F.F., T.J. Krabbenhoft and J.M. Quattro, 2009. Elassoma gilberti, a new species of pygmy sunfish (Elassomatidae) from Florida and Georgia. Bulletin Florida Museum Natural History 48(4): 120-144. (Ref. 83676)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .