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Elassoma boehlkei  Rohde & Arndt, 1987

Carolina pygmy sunfish
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Image of Elassoma boehlkei (Carolina pygmy sunfish)
Elassoma boehlkei
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Elassomatidae (Pygmy sunfishes)
Etymology: Elassoma: Greek, elasson = smaller + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 5.5 - 7.2.   Temperate; 35°N - 34°N

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58006); common length : 2.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 2 years (Ref. 58007)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 4; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 5 - 8. Mouth is terminal and upturned. Normally has 12-14 vertical bars along the body, alternating with iridescent interbars of approximately equal width. Sympatric species have head scales or humeral spots and ocular bars.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Waccamaw and Santee River drainages in North Carolina and South Carolina, USA.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Are generally cryptic or solitary (Ref. 58006). Inhabit heavily vegetated creeks, sloughs and roadside ditches. Feed on microcrustaceans and other small, benthic invertebrates (Ref. 58006). Oviparous, eggs are found in vegetation or just on the substrate (Ref. 58006).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.43 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=1; tmax=1.5; Fec=76).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.