Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Elassomatidae
Etymology: Elassoma: Greek, elasson = smaller + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 5.5 - 7.2. Temperate; 35°N - 34°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58006); common length : 2.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 2 years (Ref. 58007)
soft rays: 5 - 8. Mouth is terminal and upturned. Normally has 12-14 vertical bars along the body, alternating with iridescent interbars of approximately equal width. Sympatric species have head scales or humeral spots and ocular bars.
North America: Waccamaw and Santee River drainages in North Carolina and South Carolina, USA.
Are generally cryptic or solitary (Ref. 58006). Inhabit heavily vegetated creeks, sloughs and roadside ditches. Feed on microcrustaceans and other small, benthic invertebrates (Ref. 58006). Oviparous, eggs are found in vegetation or just on the substrate (Ref. 58006).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.43 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=1; tmax=1.5; Fec=76).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .