Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Echidna: Greek, echidna = viper, 1847 (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 30 m (Ref. 9324). Tropical; 32°N -
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 71.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9324)
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands.
Lives between rocks in littoral pools. Not frequently seen. Feeds on crabs, lobsters and mollusks and possibly on other soft-bodied invertebrates and fishes (Ref. 28023).
Thomson, D.A., 1987. Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez. The rocky-shore fishes of the Gulf of California. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson. 302 p.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00111 (-0.15929 - 0.16151), b=3.06 (2.97 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for this family-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.56 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .