Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Bathylagidae
Etymology: Dolicholagus: Greek, dolichos = long + Greek, lagos = hare (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 200 - 945 m (Ref. 13608), usually 200 - 400 m (Ref. 33679). Deep-water; 39°N - 21°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4459)
soft rays: 18 - 21;
Vertebrae: 48 - 53. Head and body silver when fresh; no scale pocket markings; lateral line indistinct (Ref. 13608). Slender body. Jaws rounded and subequal at the tips (Ref. 37473). Body strongly elongated with almost equal depth. Caudal peduncle short and relatively narrow. Pectorals short, far from reaching origin of dorsal fin. Radial pattern noticeable at the hind lower part of operculum. Few gill rakers on the inner surface of epibranchial of first gill arch (Ref. 33679).
Widely distributed in tropical and subtropical seas. Eastern Atlantic: south of Portugal to Madeira. Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 27768). Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). Northwest Pacific: Japan (Ref. 559). Southwest Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 5755). Eastern Pacific: California Current region (Ref. 35604).
Mesopelagic (Ref. 58302). Usually caught in small aggregations (Ref. 6345). Exhibits daily vertical migrations (Ref. 6345). Feeds on plankton (Ref. 6345).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., 1990. Bathylagidae. p. 239-240. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4459)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00216 - 0.01336), b=2.98 (2.77 - 3.19), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .