Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Dichistiidae
Etymology: Dichistius: Greek, dichao, dichasis = divided in two parts (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - ? m (Ref. 5213). Subtropical; 13°S - 28°S
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 34.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4370); max. published weight: 6.5 kg (Ref. 4370)
Southeast Atlantic: southern Angola to Natal, South Africa.
Found in inshore reefs, rocky and sandy areas. Feeds on mollusks, crustaceans, and other invertebrates (Ref. 5213). Abundant in winter, breeding occurs in deeper water. Becoming scarce because of overfishing (Ref. 36731).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, M.M., 1986. Coracinidae. p. 601-602. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4370)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00649 - 0.04054), b=3.01 (2.79 - 3.23), based on LWR estimates for species & (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.13).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (60 of 100) .