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Denticeps clupeoides  Clausen, 1959

Denticle herring
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Native range | All suitable habitat
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Denticeps clupeoides   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Denticeps clupeoides (Denticle herring)
Denticeps clupeoides
Picture by Noren, M.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Denticipitidae (Denticle herrings)
Etymology: Denticeps: Latin, dens, dentis = teeth +Latin, ceps = head (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic.   Tropical; 20°C - 25°C (Ref. 13614); 7°N - 4°N, 2°E - 9°E

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81268)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 23 - 27; Vertebrae: 40. Diagnosis: Denticeps clupeoides is closely related to the Clupeidae, characterised by the presence of midventral scutes; it is distinguished from all clupeids by the presence of numerous small denticles on the surface of the dermal head bones and a complete lateral line along the entire length of the sides (Ref. 2848, 81268, 81632). Unlike the majority of African freshwater clupeids, Denticeps clupeoides lacks a supramaxilla (Ref. 2848, 81268).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: from Ouémé River basin to Niger Delta (Ref. 2848, 81268), Cross River (Ref. 85170), and Mungo River in Cameroon (Ref. 2848, 81268, 81632).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Denticeps clupeoides occurs in shoals that tend to keep to the middle of the stream, where the current is at its strongest (Ref. 81632, 101724). It is a very good swimmer, extremely fast and hence not easily caught (Ref. 81632, 101724). Peak spawning period in Cross River occurs from July to August (Ref. 85170).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Teugels, G.G., 2003. Denticipitidae. p. 122-124. In D. Paugy, C. Lévêque and G.G Teugels (eds.) The fresh and brackish water fishes of West Africa Volume 1. Coll. faune et flore tropicales 40. Institut de recherche de développement, Paris, France, Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris, France and Musée royal de l'Afrique Central, Tervuren, Belgium, 457p. (Ref. 81268)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

  Vulnerable (VU) (B2ab(iii))

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec < 1,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.