Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Oneirodidae
Etymology: Danaphryne: In commemoration of the Royal Danish Research Vessel 'Dana' (Ref. 86949).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 2000 m (Ref. 86949). Deep-water
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.2 cm (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4 - 5. Metamorphosed females distinguished by the following characteristics: narrow snout, width of ethmoid cartilage and vomer considerably less than the distance between anterolateral tips of the lateral ethmoids and frontals; frontals short, lying posterior to the ethmoid region, dorsal margin convex; frontals separated from prootics; presence of vomerine teeth; large and nearly circular nasal foramina; presence of pterosphenoid; anterior end of illicial trough wider and shallower than the posterior end; well developed sphenotic spines; symphysial cartilage of upper jaw longer than wide; lower jaw with well developed symphysial spine; hyomandibula with double head; well developed quadrate spine, longer than articular spine; deeply notched posterior margin of opercle; long and narrow subopercle, dorsal end long and slender, tapering to a point, ventral end nearly circular; absence of first pharyngobranchial; well developed second pharyngobranchial; second hypobranchial articulates directlywith second basibranchial; caudal fin rays without internal pigmentation; illicium longer than length of escal bulb; pterygiophore of illicium cylindrical throughout length, emerging on snout from between frontal bones, anterior end exposed, posterior end concealed beneath skin; well developed first ray of dorsal fin; dorsal fin rays 5-7; anal fin rays 4-5; short and broad pectoral fin lobe, shorter than longest rays of pectoral fin; pectoral fin rays 16-19; coracoid lacking posteroventral process; simple pelvic bones, expanded distally; skin smooth and naked, without dermal spinules; darkly pigmented skin of caudal peduncle extends well past base of caudal fin (Ref. 86949).
Tropical to temperate parts of all oceans.
Also mesopelagic (Ref. 10524).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bertelsen, E., 1990. Oneirodidae. p. 498-507. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post, and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 10524)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates in FishBase (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .