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Cynomacrurus piriei  Dollo, 1909

Dogtooth grenadier
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cynomacrurus piriei   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Cynomacrurus piriei (Dogtooth grenadier)
Cynomacrurus piriei
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Macrouridae (Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Cynomacrurus: Greek, kyon = dog + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, makros = great + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 500 - 3800 m (Ref. 1371), usually 1000 - 2000 m (Ref. 1371).   Deep-water; 36°S - 79°S, 80°E - 14°W (Ref. 1371)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0. Head profile rounded; snout short, blunt. Scales deciduous, with 1 to 3 divergent rows of small, thin spinules uniformly covering almost all of the body; scales absent over most of the snout and in wide patches on the head surrounding large pores of sensory lateralis system. Pyloric caeca rather long and slender, about 9 to 10. Overall color is dark brown to brownish black.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southern Ocean: circumpolar, extending north of Convergence in some areas.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Feeds on fish, copepods and other small invertebrates (Ref. 5097).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Iwamoto, Tomio | Collaborators

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00295 (0.00127 - 0.00686), b=3.12 (2.92 - 3.32), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (55 of 100) .