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Coregonus artedi  Lesueur, 1818

Cisco
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Coregonus artedi
Picture by Lyons, J.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Coregoninae
Etymology: Coregonus: Greek, kore = pupils of the eye + Greek, gonia = angle (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Lesueur.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; pelagic-neritic; anadromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 50 - ? m (Ref. 9988).   Temperate; ? - 26°C (Ref. 35682); 69°N - 44°N

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 17.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 57.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 29.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. published weight: 3.4 kg (Ref. 4699); max. reported age: 11 years (Ref. 12193)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: widely distributed in Canada and northern USA in St. Lawrence-Great Lakes, Arctic, and upper Mississippi River basins from Quebec to Northwest Territories and Alberta and south to northern Ohio, Illinois and Minnesota. Rare in Great Lakes (Ref. 3881). Said to be conspecific with Coregonus autumnalis and Coregonus autumnalis pollan based on electrophoresis studies (Ref. 7506). Belongs to Coregonus artedi complex.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits open waters of lakes and large rivers; also coastal waters of Hudson Bay (Ref. 9988). Nerito-pelagic, feeds on plankton and large crustaceans (Ref. 58426). Utilized fresh, smoked, and frozen; can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved, and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00512 - 0.01233), b=3.09 (2.97 - 3.21), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.06-0.27(?); tmax=11; tm=6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.