Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Clinostomus: Greek, klinein, kline = sloping and bed, due to the four apophyses of sphenoid bone + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate, preferred ?; 44°N - 38°N
North America: Hudson and upper Susquehanna River drainages in New York and Pennsylvania, USA; Great Lakes (except Lake Superior) and Mississippi River basins from New York in USA and south Ontario in Canada to Minnesota and south to West Virginia and Kentucky in USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 8.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 12193)
Distinguished from similar species Cinostomus funduloides by having longer, more pointed snout, more slender body, brighter (carmine) red on lower side in adults; smaller (59-75 lateral) scales. Breeding male possess steel blue above, yellow-gold stripe along side, bright red on lower side (Ref. 86798).
Inhabits rocky and sandy pools of headwaters, creeks and small rivers. Largest populations occurs in clear, spring-fed streams (Ref. 86798).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00306 - 0.01241), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=4).
Prior r = 0.58, 2 SD range = 0.26 - 1.30, log(r) = -0.54, SD log(r) = 0.4, Based on: 1 K, 1 tmax, 1 Fec records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .