Chrosomus erythrogaster  (Rafinesque, 1820)

Southern redbelly dace
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Chrosomus erythrogaster
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Chrosomus: Chrosomus meaning color (Ref. 1998);  erythrogaster: From the words erythro, meaning red; and gaster, belly (Ref. 10294).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Temperate; 44°N - 34°N

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 5.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 3 years (Ref. 12193)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Chrosomus erythrogaster can be distinguished by having the following characters: 67-95 scales on lateral line; pharyngeal teeth 0,5-5,0; moderately pointed snout, longer than eye in adult; small, moderately oblique (less than 45°), slightly subterminal mouth ending in front eye; 2 black stripes along side with upper one thin broken into spots at rear while lower one wide, becoming thin on caudal peduncle; olive brown above, dusky stripe along back; black spots (sometimes absent) on upper side, often arranged in row; silver yellow side; black wedge-shaped caudal spot; white, yellow or red below; and large males with vivid color, consisting of bright red belly, lower head and base of dorsal fin, and yellow fins (Ref. 86798).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Basins of Lakes Erie and Michigan and Mississippi River from New York to Minnesota, south to Tennessee River drainage in Albama, and White and Arkansas River drainages in Arizona and Oklahoma, USA. Isolated populations on Former Mississippi Embayment in Tennessee, Mississippi and Arkansas; Kansas River system in Kansas; and upper Arkansas River drainage in Colorado and New Mexico, USA.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits rocky, usually spring-fed, pools of headwaters and creeks (Ref. 86798). Also found in streams (Ref. 10294).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00290 - 0.01196), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.5   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .