Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Chrosomus: Chrosomus meaning color (Ref. 1998); cumberlandensis: cumberlandensis, of the Cumberland (referring to the Cumberland River drainage) (Ref. 10294).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 38°N - 36°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10294); common length : 5.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 12193)
North America: upper Cumberland River drainage (above Big South Fork) in Kentucky and Tennessee, USA.
Inhabit rocky pools of headwaters and creeks. Individuals are usually found along undercut banks, around large rocks or among detritus (Ref. 3814, 10294). Feed on attached algal growth and aquatic insect immatures (Ref. 10294).
Strange, R.M. and R.L. Mayden, 2009. Phylogenetic relationships and a revised taxonomy for North American cyprinids currently assigned to Phoxinus (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae). Copeia 2009(3):494-501.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00297 - 0.01341), b=3.06 (2.87 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.26 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1; tmax=4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .