Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Chrosomus: Chrosomus meaning color (Ref. 1998); cumberlandensis: cumberlandensis, of the Cumberland (referring to the Cumberland River drainage) (Ref. 10294).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 38°N - 36°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10294); common length : 5.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 12193)
Chrosomus cumberlandensis can be distinguished by having the following characters: two dusky stripes along side converge on caudal peduncle, coalesce into wide black stripe on large male; back and upper side with many black specks; 66-81 scales on lateral line; pharyngeal teeth 0,5-5,0; olive to green-gold above, silver white to red below; large male bright red below, behind opercle, and at base of dorsal fin; bright silver pectoral and pelvic fin bases, yellow fins; body moderately compressed; pointed snout and slightly subterminal mouth (Ref. 86798).
North America: upper Cumberland River drainage (Big South Fork and above) in Kentucky and Tennessee, USA.
Inhabits rocky pools of headwaters and creeks. Usually found along undercut banks, near large rocks or among detritus (Ref. 86798). Feeds on attached algal growth and aquatic insect immatures (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Strange, R.M. and R.L. Mayden, 2009. Phylogenetic relationships and a revised taxonomy for North American cyprinids currently assigned to Phoxinus (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae). Copeia 2009(3):494-501. (Ref. 82741)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00286 - 0.01212), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.26 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1; tmax=4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .