Chromis verater  Jordan Metz, 1912,,

Threespot chromis
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Chromis verater   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Chromis verater (Threespot chromis)
Chromis verater
Picture by Cook, D.C.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pomacentridae (Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Chromis: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Jordan.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 6 - 160 m (Ref. 9710), usually 18 - ? m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical; 30°N - 15°N

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7247)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 12 - 14. Overall color is black. With three pupil-size white spots: one at the rear base of the dorsal fin, one at the rear base of the anal fin, and the third at mid-base of the caudal fin.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: Hawaiian and Johnston islands.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults form large aggregations high above the bottom in rocky areas around caves and ledges (Ref. 7247). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Collected from 183 m. Spawn from December to June (Ref. 7247). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Allen, Gerald R. | Collaborators

Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.