Chromidotilapia guntheri  (Sauvage, 1882)

Guenther's mouthbrooder
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Chromidotilapia guntheri
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Chromidotilapia: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch + Bechuana, African native thiape = fish (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 23°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672); 12°N - 2°N

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 6.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 53405)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 15 - 17; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-12; Anal spines: 3-4; Anal soft rays: 6 - 8. Diagnosis: 21-25 rakers on first gill arch; when stressed with two continuous dark bands on body; 1st dorsal fin spine 30-35% length of fifth spine; caudal fin truncate to subtruncate; dorsal head profile straight; iris yellow to brownish, posterior half sometimes red; upper lip white or pale blue; anterior 2-3 dorsal fin spines with black interspinous membrane in juveniles (Ref. 81260).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: coastal basins from the river St. John in Liberia to lower Cameroon and the Benito River in Equatorial Guinea, in forest and northern adjoining savannah; also known from the Niger and the Bénoué River (Ref. 53405). Previously, two subspecies were recognized: Chromidotilapia guntheri guntheri and Chromidotilapia guntheri loennbergi.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Substrate spawning, ovophilic, pair bonding, male mouthbrooding species (Ref. 81260). Both parents take care of the young after hatching (Ref. 47115).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Male mouthbrooder; both parents take care of the young after hatching (Ref. 47115). This corrects previous information from Ref. 26489. Also Ref. 26489.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Daget, J., 1991. Chromidotilapia. p. 47-50. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5616)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | Public aquariums | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.01294 - 0.01854), b=2.97 (2.92 - 3.02), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.6   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm<1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.