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Chondrostoma phoxinus  Heckel, 1843

Minnow-nase
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Chondrostoma: Greek, chondros = cartilage + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). Name referring to the characteristic horny layer on the lower lip (Ref. 57917).   More on author: Heckel.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical; 45°N - 42°N, 15°E - 18°E

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Diagnosed from congeners in Western Balkans and Adriatic basin by the following characters: scales on lateral line 78-106; mouth arched, lower lip with very thin cornified sheath; posterior margin of dorsal slightly concave or convex; ½ 13-21/1/8-13 scales in transverse row between dorsal-fin and pelvic-fin origins; dorsal fin with 8½ branched rays; anal fin with 8-9½ branched rays; and 23-28 gill rakers (Ref. 59043).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Croatia (Cetina drainage) and Bosnia-Herzegovina (Glamocko, Livansjko and Duvanjsko poljes). Largest population in Lake Busko in Bosnia-Herzegovina threatened by recently introduced Silurus glanis.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Reported to occur in fast flowing creeks and rivers (Ref. 26100). Inhabits slow-flowing streams and lakes. Abundant in lakes. Can colonize still water bodies (shallow clay pits without gravel, sand, current, waves or tributaries. Enters subterranean waters. Spawns on submerged plants. Threatened due to its retricted range, water abstraction and pollution. Populations sharply declined in the 20th century because of habitat destruction and pollution (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M., 1997. European freshwater fishes. Biologia 52, Suppl. 5:1-271. (Ref. 13696)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

  Endangered (EN) (B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v))

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
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Ecology
Diet
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Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
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Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
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Ciguatera
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00296 - 0.01347), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.6   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .