Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cheilodactylidae
Etymology: Cheilodactylus: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, daktylos = finger (Ref. 45335); francisi: Named for Malcolm Francis, for contributions made to biogeography of SW Pacific fishes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 6 - 88 m (Ref. 76788). Subtropical
Pacific: Lord Howe Is., Lord Howe Rise, Middleton Reef, and the Kermadec Is.; probably misidentified as C. vittatus from New Caledonia and Norfolk I., based on live photographs, and Elizabeth Reef on visual observations.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76788)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 16 - 17;
soft rays: 8. This species is distinguished by the following characters (paratypes): D XVI,31 (XVI-XVII, 31-34, usually XVII,33); A III, 8; 62 lateral line scales (64-66, usually 64); gill rakers 6+14 (5-6+15-16, often 5+15); body depth 2.83 in SL (2.57-2.76); pelvic fins reaching but not extending past the anus, 5.55 in SL (4.55-5.81); anterior on maxilla and prefrontal have prominent bony knobs; distinct dark diagonal bands, 3 on head, 1 on anterior origin of the dorsal fin to the pelvic fin, 1 behind the 4th dorsal spine to the lower lobe of the caudal fin; upper lobe of caudal fin with black tip (Ref. 76788).
Inhabits coral reef and rock reef (Ref. 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Burridge, C.P., 2004. Cheilodactylus (Goniistius) francisi, a new species of morwong (Perciformes: Cirrhitoidea) from the southwest Pacific. Rec. Aust. Mus. 56:231-234. (Ref. 76788)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.1 - 24.8, mean 24.5 (based on 22 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .