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Cephaloscyllium pictum  Last, Séret & White, 2008

Painted swellshark
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Image of Cephaloscyllium pictum (Painted swellshark)
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae (Cat sharks)
Etymology: Cephaloscyllium: Greek, kephale = head + skylion = dogfish (Ref. 80388);  pictum: Name from Latin 'pictus' for paint, refers to the coloration which has a somewhat painted appearance..   More on author: Last.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 58 cm
Max length : 71.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76946); 70.1 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This medium-sized species possess the following set of characters: head height 8.7-12.1% TL, its trunk width 12.8-16.8% TL; origin of first dorsal fin is over the centre of pelvic-fin base; prenarial length is 3.1-4.0% TL; preorbital snout length is 1.8-2.1 times the prenarial length, 3.1-3.5 in prepectoral length, 6.5-7.1 in prepelvic length; snout-vent length long, 49.5-50.7% TL; width of nostril 2.5-2.9% TL; eye-spiracle space narrow, 0.5-0.7% TL; pectoral fin medium-sized, its height 11.8-13.2% TL, posterior margin 9.8-12.1% TL; anal fin tall, 3.5-4.7% TL; anal-caudal space 5.5-6.6% TL; precaudal length 77-78% TL; interdorsal space 8.3-8.9% TL; teeth with 3-5 cusps near symphysis of upper jaw; unicuspidate or weakly tricuspidate flank denticles; greatly enlarged denticles on back absent; long adult clasper, outer length 7-8% TL, terminating well short of anal fin, interspace 1.6-1.8% TL; vertebral centra 110-117; moderate tooth count in each jaw 58-78 teeth; upper half of body is very dark, with a weak variegated pattern of spots and blotches, no saddles or are barely detectable; dorsal fins are mostly dark variegated; large, blackish blotch found over the gills; posterior margin of terminal lobe of caudal fin with dark, anteriorly directed, v-shaped marking; upper surface of pelvic fin with a well-defined, blackish median blotch; without dark saddle extending onto caudal peduncle above the origin of ventral lobe of caudal fin; ventral surface piebald with a speckled snout color of juvenile unknown (Ref. 76946).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Indonesia.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Collected from fish market (Ref. 86282)

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaborators

Last, P.R., B. Séret and W.T. White, 2008. New swellsharks (Cephaloscyllium: Scyliorhinidae) from the Indo-Australian region. In Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (eds.): Descriptions of New Australian Chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper no. 22. (Ref. 76946)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

More information

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00324 (0.00152 - 0.00691), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .