Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae
Etymology: Cephaloscyllium: Greek, kephale = head + skylion = dogfish (Ref. 80388).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 220 m. Temperate; 32°S - 44°S
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 82 - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6871)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 129 - 138. Head short and very broad. Body robust with inflatable stomach; with dark, mottled and blotched color pattern, and mostly with a dark median stripe on the belly. Labial furrows absent. Denticles large and widely spaced.
Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia, from Western Australia to New South Wales.
Found on the continental shelf from close inshore in shallow to deeper water. Oviparous, hatching at about 14 cm (Ref. 6871). Can expand itself with air or water. Caught by commercial bottom trawlers but of no use to fisheries at present.
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00316 (0.00152 - 0.00660), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (78 of 100) .