Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Stichaeidae
(Pricklebacks) > Xiphisterinae
Etymology: Cebidichthys: Latin, cebus, cebi, derived from caput- itis= head + Greek, ichthys = fish; violaceus: Cebidichthys comes from 2 Greek words: sapajou (a kind of monkey) and fish (hence, monkey fish); violaceus is Latin for violet (Ref. 43439).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory (Ref. 43439); depth range 0 - 24 m (Ref. 51666), usually 0 - 1 m (Ref. 43439). Subtropical; 46°N - 27°N, 126°W - 114°W
Eastern Pacific: southern Oregon, USA to northern central Baja California, Mexico; rare south of Point Conception, California, USA.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 36 - 45.72 cm
Max length : 76.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. reported age: 18 years (Ref. 43439)
Common inshore, in tide pools or shallow rocky areas, from the intertidal zone to 24 m depth. May remain out of water under rocks or seaweed (Ref. 31184). Feeds mainly on crustaceans and algae. Breathes air (Ref. 31184) and can remain out of water for 15-35 hours if kept moist (Ref. 51276). Demersal spawners in nearshore habitats (Ref. 56049). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Commonly caught by 'poke-poling', a method using a long bamboo pole with a very short wire leader and baited hook. Good eating.
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Nests in crevices (Ref. 205). A parent coils about the eggs (Ref. 205).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.2 - 19, mean 15.9 (based on 70 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=4; tmax=18; Fec = 18,000).
Prior r = 0.41, 2 SD range = 0.24 - 0.72, log(r) = -0.89, SD log(r) = 0.28, Based on: 2 tgen, 1 tmax, 2 Fec records
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (64 of 100) .