Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Carcharhinidae
Etymology: Carcharhinus: Greek, karcharos = sharpen + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 40 m (Ref. 244). Tropical; 24°N - 30°S
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 68 - 75 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3678)
soft rays: 0. A small, slender shark with a long, rounded snout, large, oval eyes, and oblique-cusped teeth; 2nd dorsal fin with conspicuous black tip covering one-half or more of the fin, other fins plain (Ref. 5578). Grayish or grey-brown above, white below; black spot on the second dorsal fin (Ref. 9997).
Indo-West Pacific: scattered records from East Africa to China and Australia. Often confused with Carcharhinus dussumieri and has often been listed under Carcharhinus tjutjot and Carcharhinus menisorrah.
Found on the continental and insular shelves, from the surf line and intertidal region to deeper water (Ref. 244). Feeds on small bony fishes (including sea horses), prawns, and squid (Ref. 9997). Viviparous (Ref. 50449). Often caught by shore anglers (Ref. 5485). Utilized as a food fish (Ref. 244).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00226 - 0.00968), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.6 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .