Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Carcharhinidae
Etymology: Carcharhinus: Greek, karcharos = sharpen + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range ? - 50 m (Ref. 6871). Tropical; 26°N - 25°S, 43°E - 155°E
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 115.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 161 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 244); 167.0 cm TL (female)
soft rays: 0. Grey or grey-brown on dorsal surface, white or cream below, with a conspicuous band of white on sides from pelvic fins to first dorsal fin; pectoral, dorsal and pelvic fins, and ventral lobe of caudal fin black or dusky-tipped, sometimes inconspicuously (Ref. 9997).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri
Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden, southwestern India, Sri Lanka, Gulf of Thailand, Philippines, Viet Nam, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (Ref. 6871), and Australia.
A little-known inshore, coastal pelagic species (Ref. 9997). Feeds mainly on fishes, also takes crustaceans and cephalopods (Ref. 6871). Viviparous (Ref. 50449). Probably taken in fisheries where it occurs (Ref. 9997). Utilized fresh and dried salted for human consumption; fins used in the oriental shark fin trade; liver oil processed for vitamins (Ref. 9997).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
Threat to humans
Traumatogenic (Ref. 4690)
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on empirical models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00214 (-0.19144 - 0.19572), b=3.23 (3.13 - 3.33), based on LWR estimates for this genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.7 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (60 of 100) .