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Caranx sexfasciatus  Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Bigeye trevally
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
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Caranx sexfasciatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Caranx sexfasciatus (Bigeye trevally)
Caranx sexfasciatus
Picture by Bailly, N.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Caranx: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Quoy, Gaimard.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; reef-associated; amphidromous; depth range 0 - 146 m (Ref. 57178).   Tropical; 26°C - 29°C; 30°N - 36°S, 20°E - 53°W

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 42.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9987); common length : 60.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3287); max. published weight: 18.0 kg (Ref. 9987)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 19-22; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 14 - 17.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Hawaii, north to southern Japan and the Ogasawara Islands, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Eastern Pacific: southwestern coast of Baja California Sur, Mexico and the Gulf of California to Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 9283).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabit coastal and oceanic waters associated with reefs (Ref. 9283, 58302). Pelagic at 1-96 m (Ref. 58302). Often seen in large daytime schools; solitary at night when feeding (Ref. 90102). Adults are found in coral reefs and are mostly active at night or during twilight periods. During the day they are usually seen milling in stationary aggregations (Ref. 44894). Occasionally enter rivers (Ref. 9283). Juveniles may be encountered in estuaries (Ref. 9283, 44894), occasionally entering rivers and penetrating well inland (Ref. 2847, 44894). Form slow-moving schools in the passes or outside the reef during the day, dispersing at night feed (Ref. 4795). Feed mainly on fishes, squids and crustaceans (Ref. 9283, Ref. 90102). Marketed fresh, dried or salted (Ref. 9283) and frozen (Ref. 9987). Consumed broiled and baked (Ref. 9987).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Collaborators

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.24).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.