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Capoeta capoeta capoeta  (Güldenstädt, 1773)

Seven khramulya
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Capoeta capoeta capoeta
Picture by Levin, B.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > No subfamily
Etymology: Capoeta: The local vernacular name "kapwaeti" used in Georgia and Azerbaikhan (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Temperate; 10°C - 22°C (Ref. 2059)

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2059)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 10. Having deciduous horny covering on lips; barbels 1 pair of short maxillary; last simple (unbranched) dorsal fin-ray osseous and strongly serrated; pectoral fins long, about head length excluding snout; fairly small scales (Ref. 4832). No longitudinal rows of spots (Ref. 47064).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Baluchistan in Pakistan, and western Asia. Also former USSR (Ref. 683).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits mainly the drier parts as well as the upper reaches of rivers in mountains and the lower reaches which sometimes end in marshes or deserts. Feeds primarily on plants. Spawns mostly on stony ground in rivers.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Common names
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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01120 (0.00710 - 0.01767), b=3.01 (2.88 - 3.14), based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.17).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.