Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Naucratinae
Etymology: Campogramma: Greek, kampe, -es = curvature, bent + Greek, gramma = mark, signal, letter (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 15 - 30 m (Ref. 7097). Subtropical; 55°N - 12°N, 19°W - 17°E
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); common length : 58.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); max. published weight: 2.8 kg (Ref. 27584)
Eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Senegal including Madeira and the Canary Islands. Also western Mediterranean Sea.
Caught with bottom and pelagic trawls. Adults are pelagic or epibenthic (Ref. 7097) mostly in shallow waters. They feed mainly on schooling fishes (Ref. 4233). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1986. Carangidae. p. 815-844. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 4233)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00619 - 0.03377), b=2.95 (2.75 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) .