Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Sparisomatinae
Etymology: Calotomus: Greek, kalos, kallos = beautiful + Greek, tomos = section, cut (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 12 - 170 m (Ref. 525). Tropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 25. When fresh, reddish brown to brown dorsally, reddish to almost white ventrally; irregular fine whitish marks on scales. Head with white speckling; a reddish transverse band on chin, followed by a diffuse white band; reddish iris. Whitish pectoral fins, base reddish brown; 3 narrow irregular brownish red stripes on whitish pelvic fins. Pungent dorsal spines; rounded caudal fin at all sizes. Skin dark around anus, almost black. Lateral line interrupted.
Pacific Ocean: Midway and Hawaiian islands.
Occurs in areas of coral rock with coral or rubble, from the lower surge zone to at least 10 m (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Protogynous (Ref. 55080).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pair spawnings involved an initial- and a terminal-phase fish; group spawnings involve several of both. Investigations strongly suggest that the species is gonochoristic.
Bruce, R.W. and J.E. Randall, 1985. A revision of the Indo-West Pacific parrotfish genera Calotomus and Leptoscarus (Scaridae: Sparisomatinae). Indo-Pac. Fish. (5):32 p. (Ref. 525)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .