Callionymus lyra  Linnaeus, 1758

Dragonet
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Callionymus lyra
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Callionymidae (Dragonets)
Etymology: Callionymus: Greek, kallion, comparative of kallos = beautiful + Greek, onyma = name; with a better name .   More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 5 - 430 m (Ref. 5968), usually 5 - 30 m (Ref. 27115).   Temperate; 16°C - 20°C (Ref. 27115); 65°N - 16°N, 32°W - 32°E

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 17.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4645); 25.0 cm TL (female); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); max. reported age: 7 years (Ref. 72462)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 4; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal soft rays: 9. Gill opening dorsal. Usually antrorse (forward-pointing) tip at base of preopercular spine. Rays of second dorsal unbranched except for the last, which is divided at base (Ref. 232). Snout length 2-3 times the diameter of the eye (Ref. 35388).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: southern Iceland and Norway south to Mauritania, including the northern Mediterranean, Gibraltar, and Algeria, western Black Sea, Aegean and Adriatic Sea, Azores and the Canary Islands.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs on sand and muddy bottoms from sublittoral to 200 m (Ref. 6444) and to 400 m or more (Ref. 9900). Feeds on small invertebrates, mainly worms and crustaceans. Territorial, males aggressive with each other. Complex courtship behavior consists of 4 phases: courtship, pairing, ascending, releasing eggs and milt. Pelagic eggs and larvae (Ref. 5968). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 27115. Neither opercular spine gland nor anterolateral glandular groove with venom gland is present (Ref. 57406).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Complex courtship behavior with 4 phases: courtship, pairing, ascending, releasing eggs and milt (Ref. 5968).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Fricke, Ronald | Collaborators

Davis, W.P and R. Fricke, 1990. Callionymidae. p. 921-924. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon, SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6941)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless (Ref. 4690)




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00721 - 0.01325), b=2.79 (2.72 - 2.86), based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.38 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.43-0.47; tmax=6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.