Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 59012). Tropical; 22°C - 28°C (Ref. 12468); 19°N - 15°S
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 34.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894); common length : 15.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894)
Asia and Oceania: Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea, Admiralty Islands, Micronesia (Pohnpei, Caroline Islands) and Australia. Reported from New Caledonia (Ref. 13246).
Found in freshwater, estuaries, inshore and mangrove (Ref. 86252). Adults occur on soft mud bottoms of rainforest creeks to elevations of at least 150 m. (Ref. 2847, 44894). They favor undercut banks for retreat. Probably has a pelagic marine larval stage (Ref. 44894).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1991. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of New Guinea. Publication, no. 9. 268 p. Christensen Research Institute, Madang, Papua New Guinea. (Ref. 2847)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00417 - 0.02512), b=3.07 (2.86 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .