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Brachysomophis porphyreus  (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)

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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Brachysomophis: Greek, brachys, eia = short + Greek, soma = body + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335);  porphyreus: Named for its purplish (= porphyreus) coloration when alive.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 20 m (Ref. 42180).   Temperate

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 130 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42180)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 137 - 148. This species is distinguished by the following characters: tail 52% and head 11-14% of TL; body cylindrical for most of its length; dorsal fin arising well behind pectoral-fin tips; pectoral fins moderately elongate, about 3-6 times in HL; snout moderate; about 3.0 in jaw; jaws elongate, about 2.1-3.0 in head; lower jaw extending beyond snout tip; nostrils in very short tubes in upper lip and closely associated; cirri of labial fringe minute on lips of subadults, absent in large adults; center of eye behind anterior 30% of jaw; interorbital space narrow, less than orbit width; dorsal head profile nearly flat from level of midjaw to snout tip; nape and cheeks swollen, narrowing anteriorly from level of midjaw; cephalic pores inconspicuous; free sensory neuromasts not visible on nape; teeth conical; purplish brown when alive; lateral-line and cephalic pores (except mandibular) surrounded by fine dark punctations.

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: Taiwan and the southern coasts of China and Japan.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Observed nearly fully buried within a muddy bottom at a depth of 20 m (Ref. 42180).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McCosker, John | Collaborators

McCosker, J.E. and J.E. Randall, 2001. Revision of the snake-eel genus Brachysomophis (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae), with description of two new species and comments on the species of Mystriophis. Indo-Pac. Fish. (33):1-32. (Ref. 42180)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00129 (0.00051 - 0.00326), b=2.94 (2.73 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (60 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.