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Brachysomophis henshawi  Jordan & Snyder, 1904

Reptilian snake eel
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
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Brachysomophis henshawi   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Brachysomophis henshawi (Reptilian snake eel)
Brachysomophis henshawi
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Brachysomophis: Greek, brachys, eia = short + Greek, soma = body + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335);  henshawi: Named for Henry W. Henshaw..   More on author: Jordan, Snyder.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 35 m (Ref. 42180).   Tropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 101 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42180)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 128 - 134. With tail 45-48% and head 13-16% of TL; dorsal fin arising well behind pectoral tips; pectoral fins fan-shaped, not elongate; snout short, about 3.4 in jaw; jaws elongate, about 2.3-3 in head; nostrils in short tubes in upper lip and closely associated; cirri of labial fringe unbranched, short and stubby; flesh above and behind eye laterally elevated as a ridge; dorsal head profile depressed and constricted behind eyes, the flesh forming a lateral eave behind dorsal margin of eye; head pores and lateral-line pores apparent; free sensory neuromasts visible as rows of white spots on nape; teeth conical; coloration in life variable; fins pale except dorsal notably dark basally with a pale margin; lateral-line pores in distinct dark spots; numerous dark spots above lateral line on body (Ref. 42180).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found over sandy areas, usually near or within coral or rocky reefs (Ref. 42180, 75154). Benthic (Ref. 58302, 75154). At night, it is usually encountered with its head and even the anterior portion of its body protruding from the substrate at night (Ref. 42180). At day time, it often remains buried with only the tip of its snout and the top of its head projecting from the sand or mud (Ref. 42180).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McCosker, John | Collaborators

McCosker, J.E. and J.E. Randall, 2001. Revision of the snake-eel genus Brachysomophis (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae), with description of two new species and comments on the species of Mystriophis. Indo-Pac. Fish. (33):1-32.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00129 (0.00051 - 0.00326), b=2.94 (2.73 - 3.15), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.