Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae
(Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Brachyrhaphis: Greek, brachys, eia = short + Greek, raphis = needle (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 8.2; dH range: 4 - 10; non-migratory. Tropical; 23°C - 34°C (Ref. 36880)
Central America: Costa Rica.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26130)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Body and head grayish with fine black line along midside and a black blotch on the anal fin. Tail with a black oval blotch on its base (lacking in some individuals found in Río San Juan). Snout sharp and pointed. Anal fin shorter than head length. B. cascajalensis differs from this species in the absence of the black blotch on the base of the tail (mitochondrial DNA implies that the two are valid) (Ref. 36880).
Lives in current of low to moderate velocity between 5-50 m of elevation; at temperatures of 23-34°C. Found near the surface along large river banks, but not common in streams. Feeds on terrestrial insects and in small quantity on aquatic insects. Reproduces throughout the year (Ref. 36880).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lucinda, P.H.F., 2003. Poeciliidae (Livebearers). p. 555-581. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brazil. (Ref. 50894)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00300 - 0.01594), b=3.13 (2.94 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .