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Bothrocara brunneum  (Bean, 1890)

Twoline eelpout
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Bothrocara brunneum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Bothrocara brunneum (Twoline eelpout)
Bothrocara brunneum
Picture by Orlov, A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Zoarcidae (Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Bothrocara: Greek, bostrykos = cure of lack of hair + Tupí, guaraní, acará = the name of a fish. It could be also from Greek, kara = face (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 129 - 2570 m (Ref. 50550), usually 457 - ? m (Ref. 2850).   Deep-water

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 72.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 51602)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 100-112; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 95 - 100. Dorsal and anal fins enveloped anteriorly in soft gelatinous tissue (Ref. 6885). Uniform light gray or brown, semi translucent, blue or black margins on dorsal and anal fins; color stronger posteriorly, transparent on narrow margins of unpaired fins; light on lining on mouth; black on peritoneum (Ref. 6885).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North Pacific: Sakhalin, Russia and Navarin Canyon in the Bering Sea to Attu Island in the Aleutian chain and Coronado Islands, Baja California, Mexico.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found on mud or sandy-mud bottoms (Ref. 2850). The stomach contents indicate that it feeds upon a wide variety of bottom-dwelling organisms, probably eating anything it encounters that has food value and is small enough to ingest (Ref. 4525).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00170 (0.00091 - 0.00318), b=3.23 (3.06 - 3.40), based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=1,650-2,480).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.