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Borophryne apogon  Regan, 1925

Netdevil
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| Native range | All suitable habitat | PointMap | Year 2100 |
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Borophryne apogon   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Borophryne apogon (Netdevil)
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes (Anglerfishes) > Linophrynidae (Leftvents)
Etymology: Borophryne: Greek, 'boros' = greedy or gluttonous + Greek, 'phryne' = toad (to mean "greedy seadevil") (Ref. 86949).   More on author: Regan.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; depth range ? - 1750 m (Ref. 58018).   Deep-water; 29°N - 7°N, 113°W - 78°W

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44404)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 3; Vertebrae: 19 - 20. Branchiostegal rays: 5 (Ref. 36495). Metamorphosed females distinguished by the following characteristics: hacks hyoid barbel; widely separated frontals, dorsal margin with conspicuous, rounded, laterally compressed protuberance; absence of epiotic and postemporal spines; extremely slender and reduced maxillae; well developed and few in number, teeth in jaws; vomerine teeth 4; absence of first pharyngobranchial; ceratohyal lacking anterodorsal process (Ref. 86949).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: lower Gulf of California to Gulf of Panama.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults are mesopelagic and bathypelagic (Ref. 36495). Larvae are primarily mesopelagic (Ref. 36495). Males are parasitic, while females are oviparous with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36495). Eggs are presumably contained in floating gelatinous rafts (Ref. 36495).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 36495).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Watson, W., 1996. Linophrynidae: netdevils. p. 592-595. In H.G. Moser (ed.) The early stages of fishes in the California Current Region. California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations (CalCOFI) Atlas No. 33. Allen Press, Inc., Lawrence, Kansas. 1505 p. (Ref. 36495)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.