Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Linophrynidae
Etymology: Borophryne: Greek, 'boros' = greedy or gluttonous + Greek, 'phryne' = toad (to mean "greedy seadevil") (Ref. 86949). More on author: Regan.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range ? - 1750 m (Ref. 58018). Deep-water; 29°N - 7°N, 113°W - 78°W
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44404)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 3;
Vertebrae: 19 - 20. Branchiostegal rays: 5 (Ref. 36495). Metamorphosed females distinguished by the following characteristics: hacks hyoid barbel; widely separated frontals, dorsal margin with conspicuous, rounded, laterally compressed protuberance; absence of epiotic and postemporal spines; extremely slender and reduced maxillae; well developed and few in number, teeth in jaws; vomerine teeth 4; absence of first pharyngobranchial; ceratohyal lacking anterodorsal process (Ref. 86949).
Eastern Pacific: lower Gulf of California to Gulf of Panama.
Adults are mesopelagic and bathypelagic (Ref. 36495). Larvae are primarily mesopelagic (Ref. 36495). Males are parasitic, while females are oviparous with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36495). Eggs are presumably contained in floating gelatinous rafts (Ref. 36495).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Watson, W., 1996. Linophrynidae: netdevils. p. 592-595. In H.G. Moser (ed.) The early stages of fishes in the California Current Region. California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations (CalCOFI) Atlas No. 33. Allen Press, Inc., Lawrence, Kansas. 1505 p. (Ref. 36495)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .