Benthobatis yangi  Carvalho, Compagno & Ebert, 2003

Taiwanese blind electric ray
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Torpediniformes (Electric rays) > Narcinidae (Numbfishes)
Etymology: Benthobatis: Greek, benthos = depth of the sea + Greek, batis, -idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335);  yangi: Named for Hung-Chia Yang, Taiwanese Fisheries Research Institute in Kao-Hsiung.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal.   Temperate

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 19 - 21.5 cm
Max length : 21.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75959)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

This species is distinguished from all its congeners by the following unique set of characters: both dorsal and ventral surfaces dark brown to purplish-black, with irregular whitish blotches ventrally; narrow nasoral region, with relatively small mouth, slender jaws and shallow circumoral groove; relatively small spiracles; very narrow gill-slits; the second dorsal fin is slightly larger than first, with more slanted anterior margin, broadly rounded apex, and convex posterior margin; low caudal fin, relatively elongated; interdorsal distance greater than distance between second dorsal and caudal fin; suprascapula very narrow and not arched posteriorly; males sexually mature between 19.1-21.5 cm TL; relatively high number of caudal vertebral centra (38-46), total vertebral centra (116-120) (Ref. 75959).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: Taiwan.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Stomach contents include mud and the partial remains of an unidentified polychaete worm, plus unattached polychaete bristles and unidentified small white objects (Ref. 75959).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Carvalho, Marcelo | Collaborators

de Carvalho, M.R., L.J.V. Compagno and D.A. Ebert, 2003. Benthobatis yangi, a new species of blind electric ray from Taiwan (Chondrichthyes: Torpediniformes: Narcinidae). Bull. Mar. Sci. 72(3):923-939. (Ref. 75959)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A2d+4d)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | National databases | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00301 - 0.03809), b=2.79 (2.53 - 3.05), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)Family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .