Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Australoheros: From the Latin word 'australis' meaning southern, and the name Heros, after the nominotypic genus of the heroini tribe.
tribe; sanguineus: Name from the Latin sanguineus, meaning blood red, in reference to the two blood red zones on the caudalfin's posterior margin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Rio Cubatão basin in Santa Catarina, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94124)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 15 - 16;
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 25 - 26. This species is distinguished from all its congeners mainly by having the following characters: a conspicuous rounded caudal-fin base; two blood red regions on the corners of caudal-fin posterior margin; no conspicuous metallic blotches on anal-fin base; no red pigmented line on dorsal-fin margin; one conspicuous blue iridescence bar on dorsal-margin; 14 pectoral-fin rays; 24-25 proximal radials on dorsal-fin base;13 proximal radials on anal-fin base; anal-fin base squamation beginning at 7th anal-fin spine; and dorsal-fin base squamation beginning between 11th and 12th dorsal-fin spine (Ref. 94124).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ottoni, F.P., 2013. Australoheros sanguineus sp. n. - a new cichlid species from the rio Cubatão basin, southern Brazil (Cichlidae: Heroini). Verteb. Zool. 63(2):161-169. (Ref. 94124)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03162 (0.01397 - 0.07157), b=2.99 (2.80 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .