Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Arhynchobatidae
Etymology: Atlantoraja: Greek, atlantes = havin the strenght of Atlas, the god that supported the pillar s of the universe in the Greek mithology + Latin, raja = ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335).
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 19 - 181 m (Ref. 57911). Subtropical; 20°S - 40°S, 60°W - 40°W (Ref. 57911)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57911); common length : 27.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 26408)
Southeast Atlantic: Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina.
Type specimen taken from a depth of about 24 m (Ref. 26282). Oviparous (Ref. 50449). Eggs have horn-like projections on the shell (Ref. 205). Feeds on fishes, crustaceans and cephalopods (Ref. 57911).
McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
CollaboratorsPicturesStamps, CoinsSoundsCiguateraSpeedSwim. typeGill areaOtolithsBrainsVision
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00237 - 0.01013), b=3.11 (2.93 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.58 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (58 of 100) .